Very Easy Guide On How To Switch Gears on a Road Bike

how to switch gears on a road bike

We face this problem many times in the bikes shop. The main aim of the gear is to make the bike easier to go up to hills.

It aids you to pedal down if you like. Therefore, for this reason, people use many gears with a bicycle so that you may use the right gear to go up the hill.

Better gear will aid you to cover up long distance. Besides, it saves your energy. At the time of walking or running, you possess a normal rhythm or pace.

The same things happen with the bike. You adjust pace with the pedals, alter it accordingly.

For many gears, the stages are smaller; you may keep the right one to maintain an even, nice or efficient pace.

The bike has many useful gears. But you should not use all of them. You will find that the cycling is very easy and climbing the hill is an easy matter if you become the master of all gears.

Shifting Basics

What is the basic understanding of the gears? What is the way to shift? It is up to the type of bike you get.

There are various types of shifters. For Road Bikes, the shifters are same as you use brakes. To maintain it, just push the lever sideways till you listen to a click.

For hybrid or mountain type bikes, the shift gears set paddles which you can operate with the thumb.

Some bikes can operate by the grip shifters or a dial which is added to the side of the place your hands. By rotating dial back and forward, you may change gears.

The shifters are added to a cable in the protective housing. When you click the gear, the cable is loosening and tightening, using more or less pressure on the derailleur.

The derailleur leads the chain to up and won on the chainrings or cassette. Here you will get what the lever does:

  • Left hand: Move chain up and down to maintain the front derailleur or front gears. It creates big jumps for the sudden change of the terrain.
  • Right hand: By moving the chain up and down, you may maintain the rear derailleur or rear gears. Levers are added with gearing to use at the time of sight changes of the terrains.
  • Big lever*: The bigger of the two shifter levers move the chain to the larger rings. So the big is same as the big. Changing the bigger rings with the right hand is simple while shifting the big gears with the left hand is harder.
  • Small lever*: The little one will move the chain inside the smaller rings. So the smaller is equal to the smaller. Changing from the smaller by the right-hand makes the pedaling difficult. Changing by the left hand make peddling bit easier.
  • Do not use a small or big lever. You get an SRAM road drivetrain which applies double tap method. It has smaller lever tucked back of the big brake. With one direction, you can move it to the one direction. A long pressure moves an easier and larger gear of the gear, harder gear ahead. A short pressure moves to the smaller, harder gear to the rear, easier gear to the front.
  • You can alter shift. It means that it has a dial which twists forward and back to the shift gear. Altering the dial, you can remove chair to a smaller or harder gear to the rear as well as smaller, simpler great ahead.

Bicycle gear shifter types

Indexed shifters vs. friction shifters

The majority of the modern shifters are indexed; it means that every click of the gear shifter goes to a precise length of gear cable, same as one gear shift. The older model applied resistance shifters where users know exactly how far to go the shifter level to change the gear.

Road shifters vs. MTB shifters

There are many kinds of shifters in the market; it is up to the transmission system or desires of the manufacturers. The most important difference between the road and MTB shifters or clearer is the shifters size to be accumulated on bikes along with drop handles bars.

The previous applied a shared brake- gear shifter unit; part of the hood is desired as a hand rest at the time of cycling. Moreover, the letters are set beneath the handlebars inside the grips where it is possible to activate by forefingers and thumb.

Knowing When and How to Shift

At the starting points use the small gear. The first pedals may seem more difficult as you have to go from standing to cruising speed.

While you start riding, move to the low gear to make it easier and quicker to obtain back up to speed.

  • You may want to do it if you come to complete stop and begin pedaling again.

You have an idea to stop soon. The good idea is to use low gear. For this, you can get started easier for the following session. It is true that all will do better if you have a tricky spot.

Gear up gradually to increase the speed of your bike. Gradually you like to go faster; you may get the gears seem very easy. As you like to build up speed, the shift up. You are feeling the pedals which are difficult to press, and you are still accelerating.

  • You are riding on a moderate terrain. For such case, a middle gear is great no doubt. Suppose, the speed of your bike is 18, you can use the second gear front and 3rd rear to give you good middle for the road option.

Shifting down from the hill is a great essential skill. Except it, you will be stuck walking your bike up bigger hills. Using high gear, it is difficult to move on a high hill. Lower gear aid you to pump on the way up slowly as well as steadily except using more force.

  • It is tough to climb hills with low gear at the beginning. As you are moving to the low speed, maintaining balance is a great task. Therefore, going slowly indicates it is simple to drop a foot to the earth if you have no balance.

Move from the downhill areas or fairly level ground. If you like to increase the speed as you can, you may use a higher gear for the type of the road. Moving from the highest gears may permit you to keep the accelerating at a steady rate as long as you reach the top speed. At the time of highest speed, be sure you are serious. It may hurt you.

  • By using only one gear, you can speed up you’re going downhill. Lower gears fail to turn the chain rapidly to maintain the wheels while rolling down. It is impossible to speed up without hill itself.

Transform to escape hurting the joints. You may feel satisfying pump with the high gear; it may be bad for the body at last. If you start to press more push on the brake, it may cause joint problems. The practice is not good for lungs as well as heart because pedaling with a lower gear in a steadier place.

  • To be sure, you may use the higher gears. But you have to shift them gradually after you have built up the speed.

Do not chase gears which crisscross the chain. When you like to shift the gear, you need to see it clearly. You also see that it sometimes points a little diagonal direction. This is not a problem if you do not select the gear which makes the chain run to the diagonal angles. This makes the chair wear down and may break over the period of time, may cause rating. You do not like to get them on the smallest and biggest gear to the front rear. In another way we can say:

  • Do not use large or big gear with the largest front gear.
  • Do not use the small front gear with the small rear gear.

Carrying groceries on a bike

Carrying groceries depends on the type of bike you ride on. It depends on how far you like to ride, how much you would want to take and your individual choice. Here you get some trips and tips for carrying groceries on our bikes.

  • Rear racks and panniers are excellent for more massive and more massive loads. You can catch in the rain for this time.
  • Backpacks and messenger bags work well for smaller loads and short tips.
  • You may use front baskets with or without a front rack. It depends on your preference. What kind of basket you carry has to influence on it? All are good for hauling small loads.
  • A net or a bungee cord helps you when you bump in the road with veggies. There is no possibility of being falling.
  • The basket which is kept to the back rack has the right size for reusable grocery bags. This basket folds down easily. So you keep it on your bike all time.


  • If you drive a bike into a strong wind, you must keep gear one lower than the usual. You can ride a bit slower for a longer distance at a steady pace.
  • The different sizes of the front gear and the rear gear confirm how hard you pedal to forward the bike. It also indicates how fast you have to go. If the 2 gears are the same size, the rear wheel rotates for once. On the contrary, you get a big gear is chosen front and little one in back. The back wheel may rotate few times for every pedal stroke. It helps you to get higher speed but requires more attempt to accelerate.
  • At the time of riding up a hill, keep gear that is very low. Spin the legs fast with few efforts. It may be better powering by the climb. This will help to climb longer hills.
  • Change gears on a mountain at the beginning. You must not go to the down apparatus rapidly if you started going up the mountain.
  • Many people get from 75 to 90 rotations per minute to get most comfortable speed for maintaining a long time. With this speed, pedal makes a full rotation with less time than it takes you to utter ‘one thousand’.
  • Anticipate shifts: If you press the brakes very slowly, it would be tuff to change the gear of your bike. Therefore be habituate of downshifting or going near to a big hill.
  • Don’t attempt to shift the equipment while you are stopping. Bikes with traditional gearing are made to be turned while the pedals are moving. Therefore don’t try to turn it when you remain stopped. You can change the gear when you are on your way.
  • Avoid cross-chaining: It is very tuff to hard on sprockets and chain to extreme angles. It means that the biggest chaining remains in the front and the largest sprocket remains in the back. If you like to avoid cross chaining, frequently move to the next chainring. You may stay in the rusty gears of the cassette. The better option is the smallest in the rear.

Watch: How To Switch Gears on a Road Bike

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